Various Causes of Swollen Hands After Infusion

Some conditions sometimes require you to be infused when hospitalized. Well, usually after an intravenous hand will hurt and appear swollen. Is this normal?

Why do you get intravenous hands?

You need to have an IV infusion to receive fluids in the form of electrolyte solutions, intake of nutrients and vitamins, or drug substances that can directly enter the blood vessels.

Intravenous infusion therapy is useful to prevent you from getting dehydrated and to keep receiving drugs when your body condition does not allow you to eat and drink directly from your mouth.

This procedure is also used as a way to control the dose of the drug with the right dose. In addition, in some situations, patients have to receive drugs very quickly to deal with the disease. Examples such as patients who are vomiting heavily, fainting, patients with heart attacks, strokes, or poisoning.

In this case, tablets, pills, or fluids given by mouth may be absorbed more slowly by the bloodstream because they must be digested first in the stomach. Therefore, administering drugs directly into the vessels can more quickly deliver substances to the parts of the body that are needed.

Many types of drugs can be given through intravenous therapy or infusion. Some commonly given drugs include:

  • Chemotherapy drugs such as doxorubicin, vincristine, cisplatin, and paclitaxel
  • Antibiotics such as vancomycin, meropenem, and gentamicin
  • Antifungal drugs such as micafungin and amphotericin
  • Pain relievers such as hydromorone and morphine
  • Medications for low blood pressure such as dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dobutamine
  • Immunoglobulin drug (IVIG)

There are several types of infusions that are the most common

Infusion therapy is usually done for the short term. 4 days at the most. The process of infusion into a blood vessel, the standard is only to use a needle that is pierced in a vein in the wrist, elbow, or back of the hand.

Along with the insertion of the needle, there is a catheter that will enter the blood vessel to replace the needle. A standard infusion catheter is usually used for several types of infusion methods below:

1. Push infusion

This infusion is a tool that encourages rapid injection of drugs. How, a syringe is inserted into the catheter containing the drug and send one dose of medicine to your bloodstream quickly.

2. Regular intravenous infusion

Regular intravenous infusion is the administration of drugs that can be controlled into your bloodstream over time. There are two types of infusion methods that work, some use gravity and some use a pump to deliver medicine to your catheter to enter the bloodstream.

    Pump infusion

The pump infusion method is the most commonly used infusion treatment. The pump will connect to your IV line and send drugs and solutions, such as saline, for example, into your catheter in a slow way, but the medicine has been accurately measured. The pump can only be used when the dose of the drug is correct and controlled.

    Infusion drops

The method of infusion of these drops uses the gravitational force to give the drug in a fixed amount (unchanged) for a certain period of time. Along with the liquid dripping, the drug or solution will also drip from the bag through the tube and into the connected catheter into your vein.

Why does it become swollen after an intravenous hand?

The onset of swelling after an intravenous hand can be caused by several things. The most common cause is that the infusion needle fails or is difficult to insert so it must be done repeatedly. This can cause swelling of the blood vessels during a needle piercing.

This condition can cause damage to the surrounding tissue affected. One of them is swelling around the injection infusion area so that it feels sore and warm. Some even experience reddish bruising.

Watch Out. When the blood vessels are damaged, the drug can even leak into the surrounding tissue. Instead of entering the bloodstream.

Other side effects that can occur as a result of hand infusion

The procedure for infusion in a clinic or hospital is safe under the supervision of a trained nurse. In most cases, the side effects that appear after an intravenous hand come from a patient's allergic reaction to the substance itself. Drugs given intravenously work very quickly in the body so it is very likely to cause side effects or new reactions. Generally doctors and nurses will observe your condition during and after an intravenous hand.

Some other possible side effects after infusion, including:


Infection can occur in the place where the infusion needle is injected. Infection from the injection site can also flow throughout the body via a blood flow.

Symptoms of infection due to injections that can occur in the form of fever, cold, as well as redness, pain, and swelling at the injection site.

To prevent infection, the process of inserting needles and intravenous catheters must be done carefully using sterile equipment (free of germs and bacteria). If you experience symptoms of infection, contact your doctor immediately.

    Air embolism

In addition to infection, the risk of emboli can also occur due to syringes or intravenous drug bags. If the drip drug bag drains, air bubbles can enter your blood vessels.

These air bubbles can then walk towards your heart or lungs so that the blood flow can be blocked. Air embolism can cause severe problems such as a heart attack or stroke.

    Blood clots
Hand infused can cause blood clots to form. These clots can clog important blood vessels and cause problems such as tissue damage or death.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a dangerous type of blood clot that can be caused by intravenous treatment.

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